Throughout the years, mankind has been looking for diverse opportunities to enhance their life conditions. Man, sometimes faces challenges that are unsurmountable and decides then to leave behind all those things that cause him suffering and pain. History is rife with examples of situations that have forced people to move out and abandon their home, as they are defenseless. Violence, natural disasters, world wars, are among the terrible scourges that lead to human movements called migrations.
“Today, more people than ever before live in a country other than the one in which they were born. In 2017, the number of migrants reached 258 million, compared to about 173 million in 2000. However, the proportion of international migrants in the world population is only slightly higher than that recorded over the past decades, equaling 3.4% in 2017, compared to 2.8% in 2000 and 2.3% in 1980.”(United Nations - Taken from https://www.un.org/en/sections/issues- depth/migration/index.html )
The same way as in 1620, the Mayflower Compact was written and signed by the Pilgrims/Puritans in America, UN member States agreed to cooperate in the drafting of a Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, with the intention of helping migrants regarding their labor rights and benefits for their family and communities. In December 2000, International Migrants Day was proclaimed. The question is whether all nations observe the Migrant Workers’ rights or if they are seen as burdens that impede countries’ development, or if they interfere with the interests of the “body politic”.
Migrations are cyclical. When a country is doing well economically, politically and socially, it tends to attract migration. When it does poorly, its people tend to flee it. These are known as migratory cycles between receiving/sending countries. However, just because a country is doing well at one point, this does not mean that it will do so forever. In the 1980’s and 90’s, Colombians and other Latin American nationals immigrated massively to Venezuela, due to its economic solvency and social stability. Today, it is the other way around.
Is this movement of people between borders just a natural consequence of economic disparities between nations that will always take place? How must a society cope with an influx of migrants? Countries like the United States were built on immigration, but the migratory process can be a difficult one for any society.
ESPERANZA GAONA G.
English Dep. Teacher
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